|Hypsoperine graminis Sledge & Golden, 1964
Hypsoperine (Hypsoperine) graminis (Sledge & Golden, 1964) Siddiqi, 1985
|Measurements in glycerine [mean +
SD (range); all measurements in um]
Body oval and asymmetrical shaped, relatively large with short neck. Perineal pattern located on a posterior protuberance. Short stylet, cone slightly curved dorsally, knobs ovoid and slightly backwardly sloping. S-E pore less than one stylet length behind head end. Perineal pattern rounded to oval shaped, with coarse striae and angular arch, tail terminus area free of striae, lateral field visible.
Body anteriorly tapering. Head slightly set off from body. Head cap relatively small, labial disc not elevated, lateral lips absent. Head region without transverse incisures. Short stylet with rounded knobs, slightly backward sloping. DGO to stylet knobs relatively short. Lateral field with four incisures, clear areolation not observed.
Relatively long and slender body. DGO close to stylet knobs. Hemizonid posterior to the S-E pore. Long slender tail with inflated rectum and relatively long gradually tapering hyaline tail part, ending in rounded terminus.
Known to parasitize grasses, including different cultivars of both Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. and Zoysia japonica Steud., Paspulum notatum Fluegge, Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze, Oryza sativa L., Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. and Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link. (Jepson, 1987). Also detected on the cereals Sorghum vulgare Pers. and Zea mays L.
In Europe only reported from coastal dunes in Germany and the Netherlands.
Type locality and host
Lawn around Division of Plant Industry Laboratory, Winter Haven, Florida USA and described from Stenotaphrum secundatum.
The species epithet means 'from grass'.
DNA Sequences Obtained
|KonzaV AA-129||Konza Prairie, First survey|
|KonzaVII EE-84||Konza Prairie, First survey|