Genus Hemicriconemoides
Chitwood & Birchfield, 1957
Photo Gallery- J. Dickinson State Park, Florida

Hemicriconemoidinae.  Female elongate-cyclindrical, with double cuticle; outer one sheath-like, attached to body at head, vulva and sometimes at tail tip; annules of sheath and body round and flat, or rarely retrorse (H. minor); lacking scales, spines or other appendages; 50 - 158 in number, with or without lateral grooves.  Female cephalic region with two, rarely three annules, continuous or offset, variable in shape.  Pseudolips inconspicuous, submedian lobes absent, rarely present (H. coronatus).  Stylet elongate, with anteriorly cupped knobs appearing anchor-shaped (rarely speroidal). Vulva open or closed, with or without lateral cuticular flaps.  Female tail variable, bluntly rounded to pointed.  Males usually with four incisures in lateral field, cephalic region rounded or conoid-rounded, tail conoid to subcylindroid and bursa, when present, low subterminal or terminal (absent in type species).  Spicules setose, arcuate.  Gubernaculum simple, small.  Juveniles with single cuticle, with smooth, dentate or spined scales, arranged in longitudinal, usually alternating rows, or irregularly on body; rarely without scales or spines (H. minor, H. coronatus); stylet knobs anchor-shaped.
(Description- Siddiqi, 2000)

Female: Animal of small to medium size (0.29-0.67 mm). Body plump, straight or slightly ventrally curved, tapering on short distance at both ends. Number of annuli 51-164. Cuticle with two detached layers, closely adpressed; annulation strong, not retrorse; lateral field not marked. Vulva posterior. Vulval lips plain; vulval flaps occasionally present. Tail short, conoid to rounded. Labial framework heavily sclerotized. First anterior annuli not or weakly differentiated. No submedian lobes. Amphidial aperture slit-like. Stylet strong; basal knobs forward directed, generally with a jointed anterior process; rarely rounded; never sloping backwards.

 Male: Slender; oesophagus degenerated; stylet absent. Spicules slender, slightly curved; gubernaculum short and plain. Caudal alae rarely present, if so, weakly developed. Penial tube rarely present, if so, short.

Juveniles: One-layered cuticle; submedian lobes sometimes present, weakly developed; strong annulation; each annulus bears six, ten, or twelve scales conoid or provided with short denticles; when six on an annulus, alternate with the following annulus (twelve rows).

Type species
    Hemicriconemoides wessoni Chitwood & Birchfield, 1957
        syn.  Hemicycliophora wessoni (Chitwood & Birchfield) Goodey, 1963
            Hemicriconemoides annulatus Pinochet & Raski, 1975
Other species
    Hemicriconemoides affinis Germani & Luc, 1970
    H. alexis Vovlas, 1980
    H. amurensis Eroshenko & Volkova, 1986
    H. brachyurus (Loos, 1949) Chitwood & Birchfield, 1957
        syn.  Criconemoides brachyurus Loos, 1949
            Hemicycliophora brachyurus (Loos) Goodey, 1963
            Hemicriconemoides sacchariae Heyns, 1970
            Hemicriconemoides intermedius Dasgupta, Raski & Van Gundy, 1969
            Hemicriconemoides promissus Vovlas, 1980
    H. brevicaudatus Dasgupta, Raski & Van Gundy, 1969
    H. californianus Pinochet & Raski, 1975
    H. camelliae Zhang, 1998
    H. capensis Van den Berg, 1990
    H. cedrusmontanus Van den Berg & Meyer, 1991
    H. chitwoodi Esser, 1960
        syn.  Hemicycliophora chitwoodi (Esser) Goodey, 1963
    H. cocophillus (Loos, 1949) Chitwood & Birchfield, 1957
        syn.  Criconemoides cocophillus Loos, 1949
            Hemicycliophora cocophilla (Loos) Goodey, 1963
    H. communis Edward & Misra, 1964
        syn.  Criconema mangiferum Edward & Misra, 1963
            Hemicriconemoides mangiferus (Edward & Misra) Siddiqi, 1986
    H. conicaudatus Phukan & Sanwal, 1983
    H. coronatus Reay & Conbran, 1986
    H. digitatus Reay & Conbran, 1986
    H. fujianensis Zhang, 1998
    H. gabrici (Yeates, 1973) Raski, 1975
        syn.  Paratylenchus gabrici Yeates, 1973
    H. gaddi (Loos, 1949) Chitwood & Birchfield, 1957
        syn.  Criconemoides gaddi Loos, 1949
            Hemicycliophora gaddi (Loos) Goodey, 1963
    H. ghaffari Maqbool, 1982
    H. insignis Dasgupta, Raski & Van Gundy, 1969
    H. kanayaensis Nakasono & Ichinohe, 1961
        syn.  Hemicriconemoides ureshinoensis Yokoo, 1963
    H. longistylus Rahman, 1987
    H. mangiferae Siddiqi, 1961 (syn. of H. strictathecatus for Decraemer & Geraert, 1996)
        syn.  Hemicriconemoides litchi Edward & Misra, 1964
            Hemicriconemoides birchfieldi  Edward, Misra & Singh,  1965
            Hemicriconemoides aberrans  Phukan & Sanwal, 1983
    H. mehdii Suryawanshi, 1971
    H. microdoratus Dasgupta, Raski & Van Gundy, 1969 (syn. of H. cocophillus for Germani & Luc, 1970)
    H. minor Brzeski & Reay, 1982
    H. minutus Esser, 1960
        syn.  Hemicycliophora minuta (Esser) Goodey, 1963
    H. neobrachyurus Dhanachand & Jairajpuri, 1980
    H. nitidus Pinochet & Raski, 1975
    H. ortonwilliamsi Ye & Siddiqi, 1994
    H. parataiwanensis Decraemer & Geraert, 1992
    H. parvus Dasgupta, Raski & Van Gundy, 1969
    H. pseudobrachyurus De Grisse, 1964
    H. rotundus Ye & Siddiqi, 1994
    H. scottolamassesei Germani & Anderson, 1991
    H. silvaticus Eroshenko &  Volkova, 1985
    H. sinensis Vovlas, 1988
    H. snoecki Doorsselaere & Samsoen, 1982
    H. strictathecatus Esser, 1960
        syn.  Hemicycliophora strictathecata (Esser) Goodey, 1963
    H. sunderbanensis Ganguly & Khan, 1982
    H. taiwanensis Pinochet & Raski, 1975
    H. variabilis Rahaman & Ahmad, 1995
    H. varionodus Choi & GEraert, 1972

Species inquirenda
    Hemicriconemoides squamosus (Cobb, 1913) Siddiqi & Goodey, 1964
        syn.  Iota squamosa Cobb, 1913
            Hoplolaimus squamosus (Cobb) Menzel, 1917
            Criconema squamosum (Cobb) Taylor, 1936
            Ogma squamosum (Cobb) Schuurmans Stekhoven & Teunissen, 1938

This genus included in the Criconematid Project