|Hoplolaiminae. Female: Body spiral to C- shaped, medium sized.
Lip region slightly offset or continuous with body, with or without annuli
and/or longitudinal straie. Lateral field with four or less incisures.
Labial framework and stylet medium sized; stylet knobs flattened to indented
anteriorly. DGO 3-10 um form stylet base. Esophageal glands with three
nuclei, overlap intestine dorsally and laterally; intestine symmetrically
arranged between the subventral glands. Two genital branches outstretched,
equally developed. Tail short, rounded. Phasmids enlarged to scutella erratically
situated on body, not opposite each other, anterior to anus level; sometimes
one scutellum is anterior to vulva level. Male: Caudal alae enveloping
tail, lobed or regular. Secondary sexual dimorphism visible in labial region
and esophageal structures smaller in males.